India China skirmishes near trijunction of China India and Bhutan at doklam may be new in geographical sense but it is not new otherwise. We have witnessed so many confrontations on eastern and western sides of our boundaries. But what is the new and interesting facts this time one can figure out is timing and geographical context.

Firstly if we talk about geographical context then it is clear that this region of middle part of our long sharing boundaries witnessed first time this kind of scuffle.before this we have dispute on eastern side regarding arunachal Pradesh or in western side regarding aksai chin. But I think ,China’s only intention to prop up confrontation in this new region is to force India to give and take.

Secondly the timing of this issue can be seen in the context of Modi and Trump first bilateral meeting which world is watching keenly. The clear message which China wants to convey through this that if you involve US too much in Asian affair then they will create so many obstacles like this.

But I think India  should not worry about that and try to resolve this through high level talk and if possible back channel talks. Our relationship is time testing and became mature even to resolve these issues keeping in mind sovereignty and integrity of each other. These two countries have to understand that by getting closer to one country doesn’t mean loosening relationship with another country. This century will be witnessed alliance and grouping of countries not on ideological basis but on issues basis which early evidences can be seen in case of Paris deal .we both have to understand that if we want to make 21st century as Asian century then we have to resolve and avoid such types of issues.


80% of Teesta catchment area lies in India, and according to Wiki, Teesta has a baseline draft of more than 7000m with a hydel potential of 84 GW of which till now less than 5% has been utilised. India should go slow on sharing waters Of Teesta. Hydel potential cannot be harnessed in Bangladesh. Any faulty agreement might lead to minimum discharge flooring leading to a cap in utilisation of Teesta’s full hydel potential. We can share Teesta electricity with Bangladesh instead of water.



These two words are generally used interchangeably but the fact of the matter is there is some differences between them. Through this article we try to understand this comprehensivelly specially in Indian context.

The predominant role of this sector can hardly be ignored as the NSS survey report on “Informal Sector and Conditions of Employment in India, 2004-05” shows that out of the total workers, nearly 82 per cent in the rural areas and 72 per cent in the urban areas were engaged in the informal sector. The Government realizing criticality of the development of this sector established the National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (NCEUS) in 2004 as an advisory body. The aim of the Committee is to bring about improvement in the productivity and generation of large scale employment opportunities on a sustainable basis, particularly in the rural areas. NCEUS has estimated that in 2005 there were 423 million informal workers in India of which 395 million belonged to the informal sector. The remaining 28 million were informal workers in the Informal sector.

In the survey conducted by NSSO, NSSO defines the informal sector enterprises comprise of all unincorporated proprietary and partnership enterprises. However, National Accounts Statistics (NAS) defines the unorganised sector in addition to the unincorporated proprieties or partnership enterprises, includes enterprises run by cooperative societies, trust, private and limited companies.


The informal sector can therefore, be considered as a sub-set of the unorganised sector.

However, in a detailed report titled Report on Definitional and Statistical Issues Relating to the Informal Economy was submitted in 2008 in which the Commission has recommended that the Informal Sector be defined as “The unorganized sector consists of all unincorporated private enterprises owned by individuals or households engaged in the sale and production of goods and services operated on a proprietary or partnership basis and with less than ten total workers”.

The unorganised sector refers to those enterprises whose activities or collection of data is not regulated under any legal provision or do not maintain any regular accounts. For instance, the units that are not registered under the Factories Act, 1948 form the unorganised composition of the manufacturing sector. Organised sector is the sector which comprises enterprises regarding which statistics are available from the budget documents or reports etc.


1. Maitree 2016 – Joint Indo – Thailand Military Exercise concluded at Krabi (Thailand).

2. JALRAHAT– 1st Joint Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) exercise by Indian Army at Narangi Cantt (Assam).

3. Prakampana – 2nd Joint Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) exercise by Indian Army.

4. SAHAYATA -3rd Joint Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) exercise conducted by Indian Air Force in Gujarat.

5. Yudh Abhyas 2016– 12th Joint military training exercise between India and USA, in Uttarakhand.

6. INDRA-2016– Eighth India-Russia Joint Military Exercise , begun in Vladivostok (Russia).

7. Druzhba-2016 (Friendship-2016)– First military exercise between Russia and Pakistan held in Pakistan.

8. PRABAL DOSTYK 16– Joint India Kazakhstan Army exercise held in Karaganda region of Kazakhstan.

9. Sino India Cooperation 2016– second Indian and Chinese armies joint exercise, in Eastern Ladakh.

10. Sea-2016– china-Russia navel exercise in south china sea.

11. Sankat Mochan – Exercise to evacuate Indian citizen from south Sudan.

12. FORCE 18– Multinational Field Training Exercise, held in pune, involving ASEAN Plus countries.

13. Iron First 2016– Indian air force exercise in Pokhran (Rajasthan).

14. Defexpo 2016– Biggest defence expo held in Goa.

15. Gurada Shakti – Military exercise between India – Indonesia held in Indonesia.

16. Shaheen (Eagle)5– Air force exercise between Pakisthan – china.

17. SHATRUJEET – by STRIKE 1 in Rajasthan by Indian Army.

18. Nomadic Elephant– 11th Edition India- Mongolia Defence Exercise in Mongolia.

19. 2016 Malbar– Trilateral Navel Exercise , hosted by Japan, Between USA, India AND JaPAN.

20. Desert Eagle-1– Bilateral Air force Exercise Between India- UAE, held In UAE.

21. RIMPAC– Largest Biennial multilateral Navel exercise , held in Hawaii, 25th edition.

22. 2016 Sahyog– hyeobleed- Defence excercise between India coast guard – south Korea in Bay of Bengal.

23. Anaconda 2016– 10 day long, started in Poland, largest Training exercise of Polish Armed Force.

24. Megh Prahar– Bateer exercise operation conducted by Indian Army on Bank of Yamuna River to test effectiveness of Tank T-90 AND BMP-2 in Mathura.

Indian Navy Joint Exercises

  • Varuna naval exercise is joint exercise of navies of France and India.
  • SLINEX.-Sri Lanka India Naval Exercise
  • INDRA is a joint, bi-annual military exercise conducted by India and Russia
  • Exercise Malabar is a bilateral naval exercise involving the United States and India.
  • Simbex – Indian Navy with Republic of Singapore Navy
  • IBSAMAR with the Brazil and South African navies.
  • KONKAN – A bilateral Naval Exercise  between Indian Navy and Royal Navy of Britain
  • AUSINDEX-Indian and Australian Navy Bilateral Maritime Exercise
  • Sahyog-Kaijin -Joint exercise of Coast Guards of India and Japan
  • Naseem Al Bahr – Joint navy exercise of  India and Oman

Indian Air Force Joint Exercises
  • The joint India-UK air exercises are known as the “Indradhanush” or “Rainbow”.
  • India-France Air Exercise “Garuda“.
  • Avia Indra-2014-  the India-Russia maiden aerial exercise.

Indian Army Joint Exercises
  • Mithra Shakti exercise- India and Sri Lanka.
  • Hand-in-Hand. -India-China joint military training exercise
  • Exercise Shakti – India and France armies
  • Exercise Nomadic Elephant- Indian Army exercises with the Mongolian Army.
  • Exercise Yuddh Abhyas is a series of joint exercises between the Indian and United States Armies since 2005.
  • Surya Kiran – India Nepal joint military exercise
  • LAMITYE– India and Seychelles
  • Prabal Dostyk – India Kazhakhstan Joint exercise


  1. I found myself in dilemma on the argument given by my friend that indian government should not pay much attention in the matter of probe related to the link of subhash chandra bose death and Russian angle. He emphasised that it may hurt the current relation of India and Russia and most importantly you can not held responsible to present generation Russian for something which their forefather genaeration might have done in Stalin regime.The point is that should we impose something on current generation for the action of their forefather?
  2. One of my friend who was my classmate has taken admission in college by taking advantage of his freedom fighter quota .another of my friend has got admission through schedule cast quota.These two cases says a lot about the acceptance of the fact that in our society we have tradition to accrue the advantage or disadvantage of our forefathers deed.
  3. In my opinion the transmission of deed of one generation should not have much power and if current generation of Russian cant held responsible then why current generation of youth should be make culprit for injustice one by their forefather.
  4. what can be done is identification of much needed must insure. the beneficiary should be only who has economical and social condition is in most debilitating condition irrespective of cast ,class and community,if we have to make cast less society then first step one should think is that consider reservation on other basis then cast.
  5. one may argue that how can precisely identify that who is in such condition and eligible for reservation.this is obsolet question because we came far away from time this question arose.If government can find precisely those persons who are eligible for subsidy then it is not a big task for them to find it actual social and economical condition of its own citizenary. Recent technological development like big data analysis and JAM(jandhan adhar mobile) may helpfull in identification of same.One thing is clear that if intention is such and you really want to do then these methods may not cen percent helpfull in identification but easily weed out unwanted beneficiary cen percent and you can make system more transparent and efficent.

RTI लिखने का तरीका – कैसे लिखे ?

​RTI मलतब है सूचना का अधिकार – ये कानून हमारे देश में 2005 में लागू हुआ।जिसका उपयोग करके आप सरकार और

किसी भी विभाग से सूचना मांग सकते है। आमतौर पर लोगो को इतना ही पता होता है।परंतु आज मैं आप को इस के बारे में कुछ और रोचक जानकारी देता हूँ –
RTI से आप सरकार से कोई भी सवाल पूछकर सूचना ले सकते है।

RTI से आप सरकार के किसी भी दस्तावेज़ की जांच कर सकते है।

RTI से आप दस्तावेज़ की प्रमाणित कापी ले सकते है।

RTI से आप सरकारी कामकाज में इस्तेमाल सामग्री का नमूना ले सकते है।

RTI से आप किसी भी कामकाज का निरीक्षण कर सकते हैं।
RTI में कौन- कौन सी धारा हमारे काम की है।

► धारा 6 (1) – RTI का आवेदन लिखने का धारा है।

► धारा 6 (3) – अगर आपका आवेदन गलत विभाग में चला गया है। तो वह विभाग

►इस को 6 (3) धारा के अंतर्गत सही विभाग मे 5 दिन के अंदर भेज देगा।

► धारा 7(5) – इस धारा के अनुसार BPL कार्ड वालों को कोई आरटीआई शुल्क नही देना होता।

► धारा 7 (6) – इस धारा के अनुसार अगर आरटीआई का जवाब 30 दिन में नहीं आता है

तो सूचना निशुल्क में दी जाएगी।

► धारा 18 – अगर कोई अधिकारी जवाब नही देता तो उसकी शिकायत सूचना अधिकारी को दी जाए।

► धारा 8 – इस के अनुसार वो सूचना RTI में नहीं दी जाएगी जो देश की अखंडता और सुरक्षा के लिए खतरा हो या विभाग की आंतरिक जांच      को प्रभावित करती हो।

► धारा 19 (1) – अगर आपकी RTI का जवाब 30 दिन में नहीं आता है।तो इस

धारा के अनुसार आप प्रथम अपील अधिकारी को प्रथम अपील कर सकते हो।

► धारा 19 (3) – अगर आपकी प्रथम अपील का भी जवाब नही आता है तो आप इस धारा की मदद से 90 दिन के अंदर दूसरी

अपील अधिकारी को अपील कर सकते हो।

RTI कैसे लिखे?
इसके लिए आप एक सादा पेपर लें और उसमे 1 इंच की कोने से जगह छोड़े और नीचे दिए गए प्रारूप में अपने RTI लिख लें


सूचना का अधिकार 2005 की धारा 6(1) और 6(3) के अंतर्गत आवेदन।


अधिकारी का पद / जनसूचना अधिकारी

विभाग का नाम………….

विषय – RTI Act 2005 के अंतर्गत ……………… से संबधित सूचनाऐं।

अपने सवाल यहाँ लिखें।





मैं आवेदन फीस के रूप में 10रू का पोस्टलऑर्डर …….. संख्या अलग से जमा कर रहा /रही हूं।


मैं बी.पी.एल. कार्डधारी हूं। इसलिए सभी देय शुल्कों से मुक्त हूं। मेरा बी.पी.एल.कार्ड नं…………..है।

यदि मांगी गई सूचना आपके विभाग/कार्यालय से सम्बंधित

नहीं हो तो सूचना का अधिकार अधिनियम,2005 की धारा 6 (3) का संज्ञान लेते हुए मेरा आवेदन सम्बंधित लोकसूचना अधिकारी को पांच दिनों के

समयावधि के अन्तर्गत हस्तान्तरित करें। साथ ही अधिनियम के प्रावधानों के तहत

सूचना उपलब्ध् कराते समय प्रथम अपील अधिकारी का नाम व पता अवश्य बतायें।




फोन नं:………………


ये सब लिखने के बाद अपने हस्ताक्षर कर दें।

अब मित्रो केंद्र से सूचना मांगने के लिए आप 10 रु देते है और एक पेपर की कॉपी मांगने के 2 रु देते है।

हर राज्य का RTI शुल्क अगल अलग है जिस का पता आप कर सकते हैं।

जनजागृति के लिए जनहित में शेयर करे।

RTI का सदउपयोग करें और भ्रष्टाचारियों की सच्चाई /पोल दुनिया के सामने लाईये

कृपया इस पोस्ट को अपने सभी ग्रुपो में ज्यादा से ज्यादा फॉरवर्ड करे और RTI को ज्यादा से ज्यादा उपयोगी और प्रभावी बनाने में अपना महत्वपूर्ण योगदान दें।

“राष्ट्रहित मैं जारी”


While working in the archives of the Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad, I came across a fascinating letter to MK Gandhi sent by 11 young women of Calcutta. The letter was undated, but it appeared to have been written in January, 1939. It was addressed to “Most revered Mahatmaji”, and was signed individually by the 11 women, all Hindus by their names. The letter was written in protest against an essay written by Gandhi for his journal, Harijan. Gandhi’s article, said these women, was “not very inspiring”, since it seemed to “put the whole slur upon the injured female who suffers most due to the malevolent social custom”.

The letter (to whose arguments I shall presently return) intrigued me, so I set off to locate the original article by Gandhi that had so offended the young women of Bengal. Entitled “Students’ Shame”, it was published in Harijan’s issue dated December 31, 1938. Here Gandhi responded to a letter written to him by a college girl in the Punjab, complaining about the teasing and harassment she and her companions experienced at the hands of prowling young men. “First of all,” this young lady asked Gandhi, “tell me how, in the circumstances mentioned above, can girls apply the principle of ahimsa and save themselves. Secondly, what is the remedy for curing youth of the abominable habit of insulting womenfolk?”

Replying in the pages of Harijan, Gandhi recognised that such molestation by men was a “growing evil” in India. He recommended that “all such cases should be published in the newspapers. Names of the offenders should be published when they are traced.” For “there is nothing like public opinion for castigating public misconduct.” Indeed, he argued, “crime and vice generally require darkness for prowling. They disappear when light plays upon them.”

While urging victims to name and shame those who harassed them, Gandhi also asked well-behaved men to chastise the deviants among their own flock. Young men, he said, should “as a class, be jealous of their reputation and deal with every case of impropriety occurring among their mates”. Gandhi also accepted the need for young women themselves to “learn the art of ordinary self-defence and protect themselves from indecent behaviour of unchivalrous youth”.

Gratuitous attack

In between acknowledging the problem and offering solutions, Gandhi spoilt his case by launching an unprovoked attack on the dress code of the modern woman. For all the evil that males did, he remarked, “I have a fear that the modern girl loves to be Juliet to half a dozen Romeos. She loves adventure. My correspondent seems to represent the unusual type. The modern girl dresses not to protect herself from wind, rain and sun but to attract attention. She improves upon nature by painting herself and looking extraordinary. The non-violent way is not for such girls.”

It was to this gratuitous advice, this patriarchal preconception of how women must dress, that the young women of Bengal responded. “Some may find modern girls’ dresses and deportments a bit different than they wish them to be,” said these women to Gandhi, “but to brand them as exhibitionistic generally is a positive insult to her sex as a whole. Strength of character and chaste behaviour are necessary not only for modern girls but for men as well. There may be a few girls playing Juliets to a dozen Romeos. But such cases presuppose the existence of half a dozen Romeos, moving around the streets in quest of a Juliet, thereby pointing out where the proper correction lies.”

These 11 young women of Calcutta spiritedly defended the woman’s right to dress as she chose. And they excoriated men for their voyeurism and their predatory instincts. They told Gandhi that his own unfortunate remarks “once again holds brief for that worn-out and un-becoming saying – ‘woman is the gate of Hell’. And naturally clouds of doubt gather over the much-vaunted progress that man has made since the birth of that saying. A Gokhale, a Tilak, a Deshbandhu [C.R. Das] would have surely hesitated to come out with such an ungenerous statement as you have done. Woman has been called a boa-constrictor, but that is in a different land and by a different man. What befits a Bernard Shaw with his hands touching the ground and legs kicking the air does not befit a Mahatma.”

This passionate, intensely felt letter send to Gandhi by these 11 young women of Bengal ended thus: “Lastly, from the foregoing remarks, it should never be concluded that modern girls have no respect for you. They hold you in as much respect as every mother’s son does. To be hated or pitied is what they resent most. They are ready to amend their ways if they are really guilty. Their guilt, if any, must be conclusively proved before they are anathematised. In this respect they would neither desire to take shelter under the covering of ‘ladies, please’ nor they would silently stand and allow the judge to condemn them in his own way. Truth must be faced, the modern girl or Juliet as you have called her, has courage enough to face it.”

Gandhi, ever ready to debate, printed large chunks of this letter in Harijan before setting out to respond to it. (He did, however, leave out the references to Gokhale, Bernard Shaw et al., as well as the even more telling sentence pointing out that to dress differently was not necessarily to be exhibitionist.) Having presented the arguments of his critics, he then, as was his wont, set out to respond. His tone was notably defensive; “my correspondents do not perhaps know,” he remarked, “that I began service of India’s women in South Africa more than forty years ago when perhaps none of them were born.” He continued, “I hold myself to be incapable of writing anything derogatory to womanhood.” His original article, he explained, “was written to expose students’ shame, not to advertise the frailties of girls. But in giving the diagnosis of the disease, I was bound, if I was to prescribe the right remedy, to mention all the factors which induced the disease.”

In conclusion, Gandhi invited his correspondents “to initiate a crusade against the rude behavior of students. God helps only those who help themselves. The girls must learn the art of protecting themselves against the ruffianly behaviour of man.”

Another heated debate

At this time, the first months of 1939, Gandhi was also engaged in a debate with a single Bengali male. This was Subhas Bose. That argument was about political questions, about who would control the Congress Party. Defying Gandhi, Bose stood for a second term as Congress president, and won. However, after Gandhi’s acolytes, Vallabhbhai Patel and Govind Ballabh Pant, made it impossible for Bose to function effectively as president, he resigned.

The quarrel between Gandhi and Bose is extremely well known, and has featured in biographies of both men as well as many other works of history. On the other hand, this debate, occurring more or less at the same time, between Gandhi and 11 young women of Bengal is now more or less forgotten. That is a shame, for it flagged some vital issues that (sadly, even tragically) retain their relevance. Even now, in 2017, it is not uncommon for Indian patriarchs – Hindu, Muslim and Sikh – to demand that young women dress in particular ways, and to blame the woman when incidents of sexual harassment occur. Such is the situation in 2017; in 1939, of course, patriarchal mores were even more deeply entrenched. In confronting the greatest living Indian, in taking on and exposing a Mahatma’s prejudices, those 11 young women of Bengal displayed an admirable independence of mind. And they were right too.