Humans produce about 300 million tonnes of plastic waste every year. That’s nearly equivalent to the weight of the entire human population. Since the 1950s, the rate of plastic production has grown faster than that of any other material.
More than 99% of plastic is produced from chemicals derived from oil, natural gas, and coal- all of which are dirty, non-renewable resources.
Only 9% of all plastic waste ever produced has been recycled about 12% has been increased, while the rest – 79% has accumulated in landfills, dumps or the natural environment
Since the 1950s, the rate of plastic production has grown faster than that of any other material.
There are micro-organisms in the sea and they produce 10% of the world’s oxygen. They are under threats because of the increasing amount of plastic in the ocean.
The CPCB has approached the National Green Tribunal (NGT) to enforce the implementation of the plastic waste management ruled by non-compliant states.
The Discovery was reported in journal named – Nature Chemistry
Scientist have created a next-generation plastic that can be fully recycled into new material of any form, shape or colour without any loss of performance or quality.
Scientists have discovered a new way to assemble plastic which unlike earlier takes recycling into consideration from a molecular perspective. It means that this recyclable plastic can be disassembled into its constituent parts at molecular level.
There is a need to switch from, disposable diapers to the cloth. Or diaper companies should use material which can be degraded easily in an environment without polluting it.
Waste plastic from packaging of everything from food, cosmetics, and groceries to goods delivered by online platforms remains unaddressed.
Municipal Authorities should change working
At the very least, local bodies should consult manufacturers or importers to assess the problem.
There are more thousands of ways to control plastic pollution. Comprehensive plans are needed to spread awareness among people to reduce plastic pollution.
What are the international efforts to regulate the plastic pollution?
The Geneva meeting amended the 1989 Basel Convention on the control of hazardous wastes to include plastic waste in a legally-binding framework.
During the Basel Conference of the Parties from 29 April to 10 May 2019, Governments amended the Basel Convention to include plastic waste in a legally-binding framework which will make global trade in plastic waste more transparent and better regulated, whilst also ensuring that its management is safer for human health and the environment.
At the same time, a new Partnership on Plastic Waste was established to mobilise business, government, academic and civil society resources, interests and expertise to assist in implementing the new measures, to provide a set of practical supports – including tools, best practices, technical and financial assistance
“At Cape Camorin sitting in Mother Kumari’s temple, sitting on the last bit of Indian rock—I hit upon a plan: We are so many sanyasis wandering about, and teaching the people metaphysics—it is all madness. Did not our Gurudeva use to say, ‘An empty stomach is no good for religion?’ We as a nation have lost our individuality and that is the cause of all mischief in India. We have to raise the masses”
This is what Swami Vivekananda has said about the “vision of one India” he had while meditating on the “last bit of Indian rock” (later known as the Narendra Roc Memorial) at Kanyakumari. Moved by the miserable conditions of Indian masses he infused in them the sense of service and self sacrifice towards Motherland India.
“I am an Indian and every Indian is my brother.” “The ignorant Indian, the poor and destitute Indian, the Brahmin Indian, the pariah Indian is my brother.” “The Indian is my brother, the Indian is my life, India’s gods and goddesses are my God, India’s society is the cradle of my infancy, the pleasure garden of my youth, the sacred heaven, the Varanasi of my old age.” “The soil of India is my highest heaven; the good of India is my good.” These were some of the utterances of the patriotic saint Swami Vivekananda that fostered among Indians a consciousness of their identity as a Nation.
Though growth of Nationalism is attributed to the Western influence but Swami Vivekananda’s nationalism is deeply rooted in Indian spirituality and morality. He contributed immensely to the concept of nationalism in colonial India and played a special role in steering India into the 20th Century. His influence on the youth of 20th century is iconic.
Swami Vivekananda, born Narendra Nath Datta, on 12th January, 1863 to Bhuvaneswari Devi and Vishwanath Dattawas a monk and chief disciple of Ramakrishna Paramhansa. He introduced Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the Western world and is credited with raising interfaith awareness, bringing Hinduism to the world stage during the late 19th century.
Dr. Radhakrishnan has observed “Nationalism is a political religion which stirs the hearts and wills of men and rouses them to service and self sacrifice in a way that no purely religious movements have done in recent times.” Much before this observation Swami Vivekananda stirred the hearts and minds of Indians with enthusiasm for strength and fearlessness; ready for service and self sacrifice for nation.
Swami Vivekananda’s nationalism is associated with spiritualism. He linked India’s regeneration to her age-old tradition of spiritual goal. He said, “Each nation has a destiny to fulfil, each nation has a message to deliver, each nation has a mission to accomplish. Therefore we must have to understand the mission of our own race, the destiny it has to fulfil, the place it has to occupy in the march of nations, the role which it has to contribute to the harmony of races”. His nationalism is based on Humanism and Universalism, the two cardinal features of Indian spiritual culture. He taught people to get rid first of self inflicted bondages and resultant miseries.
The nature of his nationalism is not materialistic but purely spiritual, which is considered to be the source of all strength of Indian life. Unlike western nationalism which is secular in nature, Swami Vivekananda’s nationalism is based on religion which is life blood of the Indian people. Deep concern for masses, freedom and equality through which one expresses self, spiritual integration of the world on the basis of universal brotherhood and “Karmyoga” a system of ethics to attain freedom both political and spiritual through selfless service make the basis of his nationalism.
His writings and speeches evoked magical effect. His words not only agitated mind of Indians but also enkindled love for the motherland. He established motherland as the only deity to be worshiped in the mind and heart of countrymen.
He galvanized the National Spirit by exposing the British policy of profiteering in complete disregard to the Indian interests. Explaining European colonial plans in Indian perspective, he demoralized British rulers. He popularized the nationalist movement that swept the country and a new India emerged. As he said, “Let a new India arise out of the peasant’s cottage grasping the plough; out of the hearts of the fisherman, the cobbler and the sweeper. Let her spring from the grocer’s shop, from beside the oven of the fritter-seller. Let her emanate from the factory, from the marts and from the markets. Let her emerge from the groves and forests, from the hills and mountains”
Courage and determination instilled by Swami Vivekananda’s speeches and writings in agitating minds and hearts of Indians to face all eventualities against all opposition were nurtured by Aurbindo Ghosh over the generation. This Indian mindset ready for supreme sacrifice provided the launching pad for success of Mahatma Gandhi’s freedom movement based on “Ahimsa” and “Satyagrah.”
Swami Vivekananda saw the spirituality as point of convergence for all religious forces of diverse India capable of unifying into a national current. Like Vivekananda, Aurbindo Ghosh and Mahatma Gandhi also realized that religion and spirituality are in the veins of Indians and worked for India’s unification through awakening the force of religion and spirituality.
His speech at Chicago in 1893 established him as the greatest figure in the Parliament of World Religions and India as the Mother of religion. Greeting the youngest of the nations on behalf of “the most ancient order of monks in the world, the Vedic order of sannyasins, a religion which has taught the world both tolerance and universal acceptance” SwamiVivekananda quoted two illustrative passages from the “Shiva mahimna stotram“: “As the different streams having their sources in different places all mingle their water in the sea, so, O Lord, the different paths which men take, through different tendencies, various though they appear, crooked or straight, all lead to Thee!” and “Whosoever comes to Me, through whatsoever form, I reach him; all men are struggling through paths that in the end lead to Me.”
Despite the brevity of his speech, it voiced the spirit and sense of universality of the Parliament. His other speeches too at the Parliament had the common theme of universality, emphasizing religious tolerance
Since the onset of 21st Century, the world is in turmoil and passing through transition period of a kind. At this hour of human history the message of Swami Vivekananda promoting spiritual integration of the nation and world on the basis of universal brotherhood and goodwill becomes all the more relevant. It has the potential to avert wars ensuring peaceful co-existence of individuals and nations.
Prime minister’s address to the nation in the context of tectonic shift in J&K political arena,it was pertinent to allay the fear of not only people of J&K but also those citizens who enjoy special treatment under constitutional framework (Editorial,”state of the Union”August 10).
For people of J&k ,it seems their fight for saving art 370 will now transform into restoration of full statehood.without normalcy,early election and statehood will be a distant dream.Even early election may pose threat to establishing peace due to chances of state coercion and rigging.overall people of J&k have to wait for quite time.
It is not far from truth if India will witness a deadly wounds in its both shoulders. On one side burning Kashmir issue is going to ignite in upcoming days at the same time a great humanitarian crisis in Assam is disaster in making.it will be a great internal security challenge for India as well as huge geo political challenge for whole south Asian region.
Take for example issue of NRC , after completion of second phase of declaration of NRC,no one knows what will be the possible scenarios for those who found their name excluded from this list. In the absence of any bilateral or global norms for treatment to be mated on these people, they will be forced to spent their life in inhuman detention camp.In any way neither Bangladesh ,whose population density is already more than 800 nor Myanmar are going to accept these people. Even the logistic cost of putting in detention camp impose heavy burden on exchequer of India at the same time the soft power of India will be dented because of its claim of historic refugee treatment.
Whatever Government claims , NRC is not free from loopholes.we have witnessed many such instances where by forged documents , illegal migrants succeeded in getting their name included where as many legitimate citizens are excluded. State should clearly understand that EXCLUSION ERROR is more dangerous and inhuman than INCLUSION ERROR.
Another issue emerged regarding indigenous tribes like LEPCHA who are also migrants but they could not produce any documents for their origin. They are own people. Like them many migrants from Eastern India, Bengali are also deserving their name in NRC ,but they wouldn’t. Excluding these legitimate people out of NRC is like throwing the baby out with the bathwater .
So government should plan in advance to tackle this issue by giving enough attention on it vis a vis Kashmir issue. We can’t afford a second wound in our body , otherwise it will become ULSAR.
Illegal immigration is an emotive issue
throughout the region and needs to be
tackled with wisdom and maturity. Issues
related to people who are finally excluded
from the NRC will have to be well thought-out because a large excluded population could be vulnerable to exploitation and become a security risk. The hasty introduction of legislation like the
Citizenship Amendment Bill, without prior
political consensus, could reignite identity
fears and lead to violence.
मेरा नाम मुसलमानों जैसा है
मुझ को क़त्ल करो और मेरे घर में आग लगा दो
मेरे उस कमरे को लूटो जिसमे मेरी बयाने जाग रही है और
मै जिसमे तुलसी की रामायण से सरगोशी करके कालिदास के मेघदूत से यह कहता हू
मेरा भी एक सन्देश है !
मेरा नाम मुसलमानों जैसा है
मुझ को क़त्ल करो और मेरे घर में आग लगा दो
लेकिन मेरी रग़-रग़ में गंगा का पानी दौड़ रहा है
मेरे लहू से चुल्लू भर महादेव के मुह पर फेको और
उस महादेव से कह दो- महादेव अब इस गंगा को वापस ले लों
यह जलील तुर्कों के बदन में गढ़ा गया लहू बनकर दौड़ रही है